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Saturday, April 25, 2020 | History

2 edition of Women and research in the ten member states of the European Community found in the catalog.

Women and research in the ten member states of the European Community

Martine El Mehalawi-Nouet

Women and research in the ten member states of the European Community

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  • 19 Currently reading

Published by Commission of the European Communities in Brussels .
Written in English

  • Women"s studies -- Research -- Directories,
  • Women"s studies -- Research -- Europe -- Directories

  • Edition Notes

    Cover title: Women"s Studies.

    Statementstudy by Martine El Mehalawi-Nouet, Nathalie Pauner and Patricia Niedzwiecki.
    SeriesWomen of Europe. Supplement -- no. 18, Supplement ... to Women of Europe -- no. 18
    ContributionsPauner, Nathalie, Niedzwiecki, Patricia
    The Physical Object
    Pagination93 p.
    Number of Pages93
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17479478M

    PROTECTING INNOVATION THROUGH TRADE SECRETS AND PATENTS: DETERMINANTS FOR EUROPEAN UNION FIRMS 5 Abbreviation list CIS Community Innovation Survey CONCORD Conference on Corporate R&D CSO Central Statistics Office, Ireland DG Directorate General in the European Commission DTSA Defend Trade Secrets Act (USA)File Size: 1MB. discrimination has existed since the European Community was created, and despite thewidespread adoption of national legislation in this area. This phenomenon is continuing, even though women's employment rates, job opportunities and levels of education have increased in all States, and despite the fact that girls do better than boys at. A European Union member state is any one of the twenty-seven countries that have joined the European Union (EU) since it was found in as the European Economic Community (EEC). From an original membership of six states, there have been five successive enlargements. The largest happened on 1 May , when ten member states joined.

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Women and research in the ten member states of the European Community by Martine El Mehalawi-Nouet Download PDF EPUB FB2

Women and States thus offers a new view of the relationship between women and the state, and of the influence of norms in international politics. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle Cited by: Women - totalling million - constitute % of the population in the EC.

This percentage is remarkably stable across the Member States, varying only from a low of % in Ireland to a high of % in Portugal. There is, however, considerable variation in the percentage of women. Whereas: (1) The promotion of equality between men and women is enshrined in Articles 2 and 3 of the Treaty establishing the European Community, as one of the Community’s objectives; (2) The Council has reaffirmed this principle in the context of various Community policies, and in particular in its Recommendation of 2 December on the balanced.

for Community action in these areas, it also states explicitly that the role at European level is to support and supplement action taken by the Member States. Be that as it may, the countries of Europe today have no other Size: KB. Increasing divorce rates and growing concerns on welfare dependency urge the question whether welfare state arrangements moderate the negative economic consequences of divorce.

In this study, the question is answered by comparing the short-term economic consequences of divorce for women across 14 Member States of the European Union. Using longitudinal data from the – European Cited by: This European Women’s Lobby (EWL) report considers the evidence on the impact of austerity measures on women’s rights and gender equality in Europe.

Based on data from EWL member organisations in 13 countries and recent research from a range of sources, it reveals that austerity policies in Europe undermine women’s rights, perpetuate. energy poverty in the EU member states, can be analysed from three interlinked perspectives: Economic: e.g.

Women with low incomes are disproportionately found as heads of households either as single parent families or, due to their greater longevity than men, living alone at pensionable age. European Community strategy on safety and health at work – Consultation and participation of women in workplace occupational safety and health matters 6.

GENDER MAINSTREAMING Annex Member State differences in social security sickness absence and disability regulations Volume 41 () / Issue 2 Buy Alan Dashwood, 'The relationship between the Member States and the European Union/European Community' () 41 Common Market Law Review, Issue 2, pp.

–   The 10 nations that made up the alliance were: Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom This chart is taken from the Western European Union Web site.

The European Union (EU) consists of 27 member states. Each member state is party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby shares in the privileges and obligations of membership.

Unlike members of most international organisations, the member states of the EU have agreed by treaty to shared sovereignty through the institutions of the European Union in some (but by no means all) Location: European Union. The European Research Group (ERG) is a research support group for those of the United Kingdom's Conservative Members of Parliament who choose to subscribe.

Serving an annual average of 21 MPs including cabinet members, the group's focus is the single issue of the UK's withdrawal from the European current chair is Mark Francois who was elected in Founder: Michael Spicer.

European Social Policy, Today and Tomorrow discusses the future of the European Community focusing on nine member-countries. The book discusses that if the members of the European Community were to survive and prosper, they should develop a viable social policy focusing on the problems and priorities of the common man.

European Economic Community Map showing the composition of the European Economic Community (EEC) fromwhen it was formed by the members of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), towhen it was renamed the European Community (EC) and was subsumed under the European Union (EU).

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Comparative Research on Education: Overview, Strategy and Applications in Eastern and Western Europe is a two-part book that first gives an overview and an appraisal of the comparative research on education.

Then, the book presents examples of the type of investigation that is defined as ""comparative research on education."". turn, women in all Member States continue to suffer violence at the hands of abusive partners.

According to the Council of Europe, one European woman in four experiences domestic violence at some point in her life, and between % of women suffer domestic violence in a given year Women - totalling million - constitute % of the population in the EC.

This percentage is remarkably stable across the Member States, varying only from a low of % in Ireland to a high of % in Portugal. There is, however, considerable variation.

Trackbacks/Pingbacks. Pingback: Youth empowerment [Ten issues to watch in ] | - Janu Pingback: Youth empowerment [Ten issues to watch in ] | European Parliamentary Research Service Blog - Janu Pingback: International Women’s Day: Highlighting the interconnections between global and local | European Parliamentary Research.

research organisations) from the member states and the European Commission. The European Commission made a small budget available for three experts to write a methodological state of.

The HERMES model system comprises one model for each Member State of the European Community to which are added simplified models for the other OECD areas and the rest of the world.

Each model contains between 1, and 2, equations and is divided into two parts: (1) a conventional macro econometric model and (2) an energy submodel.

measures and their effects in the European Community; and a coordinated range of Community activities in fields such as research, consumer protection, transport, advertising, marketing, sponsoring, excise duties and other internal market issues, while fully respecting Member States' competencies.

The Council invited the. The European Union and its Member States continued to be the world's leading provider of official development assistance in and stepped up their efforts directed at developing countries.

Collective assistance from the European Union and its Member States amounted to. ETUI-REHS European Trade Union Institute for Research, Education and Health and Safety EU European Union EU European Union Member States having adopted the single currency: BE, DE, EL, ES, FR, IE, IT, LU, NL, AU, PT, FI EU European Union, 15 Member States before 1 May EU plus DK, SE and UK.

The monitor also shows a gender pattern in tertiary education attainment (with a significant, almost 10 percentage point advantage for women in and a considerable advantage of women over men in all states except DE, where men are points in the lead).

The European Union is based on the rule of law. This means that every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and democratically by all EU member countries. For example, if a policy area is not cited in a treaty, the Commission cannot propose a law in that area.

A treaty is a binding agreement between. The State of the European Community Volume 2: The Maastricht Debates and Beyond (European Community Studies Association) [Cafruny, Alan W., Rosenthal, Glenda G.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

The State of the European Community Volume 2: The Maastricht Debates and Beyond (European Community Studies Association)Author: Alan W. Cafruny. Europe Under Stress: Convergence and Divergence in the European Community is the second of two volumes which flow from a Chatham House project on the political implications of economic divergence in the European Community, funded by the Social Science Research Council.

European Commission - Press Release details page - C/99/ Brussels, 20 May /99 (Presse ) th Council meeting - RESEARCH - th Council meeting - RESEARCH - President: Ms Edelgard BUHLMAN Federal Minister for Education and Research of Germany CONTENTS PARTICIPANTS ITEMs DEBATED For further information call or PARTICIPANTS The Governments of the Member States.

It highlights contradictions, rooted in political tensions between the social democratic principles which underpin the European Social Model, and the promotion of neo-liberal economic policies. It assesses the UK's role in shaping this European framework, and the framework's impact on the UK's employment by: The European University Institute (EUI), located in Florence, Italy, was founded in by the European Community Member States to provide advanced training to Ph.D.

and LL.M. researchers and to promote research in the social sciences at the highest levels. An international organisation with a European focus, doctoral and post-doctoralFile Size: 1MB.

The following is a selection of sources of information about the institutions, legislation and case law of the European Union itself and portals, gateways and databases which include information from a number of Members States.

Archive of European Integration (AEI) Research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The ECB as a specialised organisation of Community law 43 The euro area NCBs as an integral part of the Eurosystem 44 The NCBs of the non-participating EU Member States 44 Objectives 45 The primary objective of price stability 45 The support of general economic policies 47 The principle of an open market File Size: 1MB.

European Institute for Gender Equality. In Bulgaria, intimate partner violence is included under "domestic violence": any act of physical, mental, sexual, emotional or economic violence and any attempted such violence, as well as the forcible restriction of individual freedom and rights and of private life, carried out against individuals who have kinship ties, who have or have had family.

Written by Marika Lerch (Directorate-General for External Policies). Graphics and statistics by Eulalia Claros (European Parliamentary Research Service) In many developing countries women and girls are disproportionately affected by poverty and exclusion.

Although the UN adopted the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women inwomen and. European Union - European Union - Creation of the European Economic Community: On Mathe six ECSC members signed the two Treaties of Rome that established the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)—which was designed to facilitate cooperation in atomic energy development, research, and utilization—and the European Economic Community (EEC).

The European patent with unitary effect, more commonly known as the unitary patent, is a new type of European patent in advanced stage of adoption which would be valid in participating member states of the European Union.

Unitary effect can be registered for a European patent upon grant, replacing validation of the European patent in the individual countries concerned. The unitary effect means Made by: European Parliament and Council. estimates of the unexplained sector-specific gender pay gap for the 24 EU countries and to identify the causes of the differences in the unexplained gender pay gap at the sectoral level.

Introduction The fact that, on average, women earn less than men is well known and accepted in eco-nomic by: 1. The European Commission and the European Parliament also have contact points in every Member State, and you will find their addresses at the end of this book.

This edition of Europe from A to Z has its origins in a highly successful book published several years ago by the Institut für Europäische Politik in File Size: 2MB. Women's attitudes are more sensitive to knowledge about the EU and to economic pessimism than men's, while men's attitudes are determined more by interest in politics, traditionalist values, ideology, and working-class status.

We conclude by analyzing interesting differences that emerge when respondents are grouped by `type of welfare state'.Cited by: lishing the European Community, incorporating the amendments made by the Treaty of Nice, signed on on the role of national parliaments in the European Union () — Protocol (10) on the enlargement of the European Union () (text reproduced hereafter) relations between the Member States and between their peoples.

Article 2. Gender Mainstreaming in the European Union. Christine Booth and Cinnamon Bennett which in turn has led to many different styles and forms of practical implementation in European member states. Keywords equal opportunities Catherine () `The European Community's Policy on Women in the Context of ', Women's Studies International Cited by: EURATOM Cooperation Act of is a United States statute which created a cooperative program between the European Atomic Energy Community and the United pursuant of the Atomic Energy Act ofthe cooperative program was an international agreement provisioning United States policy to establish power plants utilizing nuclear power technology within the European Atomic Energy Enacted by: the 85th United States Congress.In the European Union, the principle of subsidiarity is the principle that decisions are kept with Member States if the intervention of the European Union is not necessary.

De facto, the European Union takes action only when Member States’ power is limited. The principle of subsidiarity applied to the European Union can be resumed to “Europe where necessary, national where possible”.